26 June 2019
News Ticker

E102 – Tartrazine

Number: E102

Name: Tartrazine

Function: Colour

Description: lemon yellow

Orgin: synthetic azo dye

Application:

  • mainly as food pigment (desserts and sweets: ice cream, candy, instant puddings and gelatin, cake mixes, pastreis, custard powder, marzipan, biscuits and cookies; baverages: soft dinks, energy and sport drinks, powered drink mixes, fruit cordials, flavored/mixed alcoholic; snacks : flavored corn chips, chewing gum, popcorn, potato chips, condiments and spreads: jam, jelly, marmalade, mustard, horseradish, pickles processed sauces;  other processed foods: cereal, instant soups, rice, noodles
  • liquid and soaps, moisturizers and lotions, mouth washer, perfumes toothpastes, shampoos
  • eyeshadow, blush, face power, lipstick
  • nail polish, nail polish remover
  • temporary tattoos
  • tanning lotions
  • in medicine – give a yellow, orange, green hue to a liquid, capsule, pill, lotion, gel
  • paper plates, pet foods, crayons, inks for writing instruments, stamp dyes, paints, glue

Daily intake: up to 7,5mg/kg body weight – according to EFSA (European Food Safety Authority)

Side effects:

  • ssthmatics may also experience symptoms following consumption of tartrazine, as it is a known histamine-liberating agent
  • can increase uterine contractions, threatening miscarriage in pregnant women
  • people who are intolerant to salicylates (aspirin, berries, fruits)
  • in combination with benzoates (E210-215), tartrazine is implicated in a large percentage of cases of ADHD syndrome (hyperactivity) in children

Curiosities:

  • can be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians
  • very soluble in water.