23 May 2019
News Ticker

E124 – Ponceau 4R

Number: E124

Name: Ponceau 4R

Other names: Food Red 7, Cl 16255, Cochineal Red A, CI Acid Red 18, Brilliant Scarlet 3R, Brilliant Scarlet 4R, New Coccine

Function: Colour

Description: red colour (strawberry red)

Origin: synthetic azo dye

Application

  • in certain foods and beverages (cake, jelly powder, jam, dessert sauces, tomato soup, drinks, ice cream,)
  • a colour of egg shells
  • it is used in Europe, Asia and Australia but has not been approved by the US FDA

Daily intake: up to 4 mg/kg body weight

Side effects:

  • it appears to cause allergic or intolerant reactions, particularly amongst those with an aspirin intolerance and asthma sufferers
  • it is a histamine liberator and may intensify symptoms of asthma
  • in combination with benzoates, it is also implicated in hyperactivity in children

Curiosities:

  • can be consumed by all religious groups, vegans and vegetarians
  • very soluble in water